Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists

Career Overview

Medical laboratory technologists (commonly known as medical laboratory scientists) and medical laboratory technicians collect samples and perform tests to analyze body fluids, tissue, and other substances.


Medical laboratory technologists typically need a bachelor’s degree. Technicians usually need an associate’s degree or a post-secondary certificate. Some states require technologists and technicians to be licensed.

Salary Expectations

Low End:
High End:
$29,910 /yr
$52,330 /yr
$80,330 /yr

Recommended Courses

  • Math - as much as possible!
  • English - as much as possible!
  • Communication
  • Science - as much as possible, including chemistry and biology!
Work Environment

Most medical laboratory technologists and technicians worked in hospitals in 2016. Others worked in medical and diagnostic laboratories or doctors’ offices.

Future Outlook

Overall employment of medical laboratory technologists and technicians is projected to grow 13 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. An increase in the aging population is expected to lead to a greater need to diagnose medical conditions, such as cancer or type 2 diabetes, through laboratory procedures.

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook
Explore Careers, Labour Market Information, Government of Canada