Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists

Career Overview

A clinical psychologist will evaluate, diagnose, and treat mental illnesses.


A doctorate in psychology is usually required to do this work. There are opportunities to do similar work with a master's degree, but there will be more opportunities for those who have a doctorate. A doctorate may take an additional four-five years to earn after first earning a four-year bachelor’s degree, depending on the specific program. Generally, someone must obtain a doctorate to be a "psychologist".

Salary Expectations

Low End:
High End:
$40,000 /yr
$74,000 /yr
$116,000 /yr

Recommended Courses

  • Math - as much as possible!
  • English - as much as possible!
  • Communication
  • Science - as much as possible, including biology and psychology!
Work Environment

Psychologists (in general) work in schools, mental health facilities, clinics, rehab centers, and in private practice.

Future Outlook

The job outlook for this position looks good over the next 10 years, keeping in mind that geographical differences may exist. Opportunities may be best for psychologists who provide therapy.

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook
Explore Careers, Labour Market Information, Government of Canada