Medical Scientist

Career Overview

Medical scientists design and conduct research that investigate diseases, medical procedures, and medical devices.


A doctoral degree in biology or a related field may be required for this position. A doctorate may take an additional four-five years after the bachelor's degree is earned, depending on the specific program. Students who want to be medical scientists typically earn a bachelor's degree in biology, chemistry, or a related field. Some students go to medical school to earn a medical degree instead of a doctorate; this is another option.

Salary Expectations

Low End:
High End:
$44,000 /yr
$80,000 /yr
$150,000 /yr

Recommended Courses

  • Psychology
  • Math - as much as possible!
  • English - as much as possible!
  • Communication
  • Science - as much as possible, including chemistry and biology!
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook
Explore Careers, Labour Market Information, Government of Canada