Biological Engineering

Career Overview

A biological scientist studies life, specifically organisms and their relationship to their environment. Generally speaking, biologists study humans, animals, and bacteria to gain a better understanding of how the body works and how external factors influence each organism.


A master's or doctoral degree in biology or a related field may be required for this position. A master's degree typically takes about two-three years to earn after first earning a four-year bachelor's degree. A doctorate may take an additional two-three years after the master's degree is earned, depending on the specific program.

Salary Expectations

Low End:
High End:
$51,000 /yr
$88,000 /yr
$144,000 /yr

Recommended Courses

  • Math - as much as possible!
  • English - as much as possible!
  • Communication
  • Environmental science
  • Science - as much as possible, including chemistry and biology!
Work Environment

Biological scientists work primarily in lab settings for private or public agencies. They can also work for universities doing research both in and outside of the lab.

Future Outlook

The job outlook for this position looks good over the next 10 years, keeping in mind that geographical differences may exist.

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook
Explore Careers, Labour Market Information, Government of Canada