Medical Scientist

Career Overview

Medical scientists design and conduct research that investigate diseases, medical procedures, and medical devices.


A doctoral degree in biology or a related field may be required for this position. A doctorate may take an additional four-five years after the bachelor's degree is earned, depending on the specific program. Students who want to be medical scientists typically earn a bachelor's degree in biology, chemistry, or a related field. Some students go to medical school to earn a medical degree instead of a doctorate; this is another option.

Salary Expectations

Low End:
High End:
$44,000 /yr
$80,000 /yr
$150,000 /yr

Recommended Courses

  • Psychology
  • Math - as much as possible!
  • English - as much as possible!
  • Communication
  • Science - as much as possible, including chemistry and biology!
Work Environment

Typically, medical scientists work in research and development, hospitals, and universities. Medical scientists work in offices and laboratories.

Future Outlook

The job outlook for this position looks good over the next 10 years, keeping in mind that geographical differences may exist.

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook
Explore Careers, Labour Market Information, Government of Canada