Conservation Officers (Fish and Game Wardens)

Career Overview

They are the law enforcement officers of the great outdoors. They're responsible for managing and protecting wildlife and water resources.They enforce the federal and provincial regulations established for the protection of fish, wildlife and other natural resources and collect and relay information on resource management.


Completing a two-year college program or four-year bachelor's degree in biology, ecology, environmental science, or a related field is usually required to obtain this position. Because this is a government position, a clean criminal background is also a necessity.

Salary Expectations

Low End:
High End:
$34,000 /yr
$51,000 /yr
$77,000 /yr

Recommended Courses

  • Math - as much as possible!
  • English - as much as possible!
  • Criminal Justice
  • Communication
  • Environmental science
  • Science - as much as possible, including biology and psychology!
  • Government
  • Foreign Languages
Work Environment

Conservation officers and wardens work for governments (federal, state and provincial, or local), on privately owned lands, or in social advocacy organizations.

Future Outlook

The job outlook for this position looks good over the next 10 years, keeping in mind that geographical differences may exist.

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook
Explore Careers, Labour Market Information, Government of Canada