A Geologist studies the composition, structure, and processes related to the Earth in order to learn about the past, present, and future. They may collect samples out in the field and take these back to the laboratory to study them in detail.
A four-year bachelor's degree in geoscience, geology, biology, chemistry, physics, or a related field is necessary to obtain this position. A higher degree (master's or doctorate) in a related field, which may take an additional two-five years to earn, would be more valuable.
The job outlook for this position looks very good over the next 10 years, keeping in mind that geographical differences may exist.
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Typically, geoscientists work for oil/gas extraction companies, engineering or other consulting services, universities, or the government. These jobs will usually require a combination of office and fieldwork. The fieldwork may require one to travel and work long or irregular hours.
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Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook
Explore Careers, Labour Market Information, Government of Canada