Zoologist and Wildlife Biologist

Career Overview

Zoologists and wildlife biologists study the physical characteristics of animals, animal behaviors, and how humans affect wildlife and natural habitats.


A master's or doctoral degree in zoology, biology, ecology, or a related field may be required for this position. A master's degree typically takes about two-three years of work after earning a four-year bachelor's degree. A doctorate may take an additional two-three years of work after the master's degree is earned, depending on the specific program. A bachelor's degree in zoology, biology, ecology, or a related field may be enough for an individual to get an entry level job in this area.

Salary Expectations

Low End:
High End:
$39,000 /yr
$60,000 /yr
$98,000 /yr

Recommended Courses

  • Psychology
  • Math - as much as possible!
  • Volunteer at an animal shelter!
  • Communication
  • Environmental science
  • Science - as much as possible, including chemistry and biology!
Work Environment

Zoologists and wildlife biologists typically work for the government, scientific and other consulting services, and universities. Some may spend a considerable amount of time in the field studying animals, while others may work in offices.

Future Outlook

There will likely be strong competition for these positions. Opportunities may differ based on geographical location.

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook
Explore Careers, Labour Market Information, Government of Canada